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OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

13 August 2022 – Current Affairs

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World Sanskrit Day

Paper 1 – Art & Culture
Why Should You Know?
World Sanskrit Day is celebrated every year on Shraavana Poornima, which is the full moon day in the month of Shraavana in the Hindu calendar.
In details –
  • World Sanskrit Day or Sanskrit Diwas is celebrated annually on the occasion of Shraavana Poornima. The day is observed on 12 August this year.
  • Sanskrit is also referred to as the mother of all languages in India. It is among the oldest languages in the world.
  • Being one of the first spoken  languages in the world, Sanskrit is of great importance in the ancient history of India.
  • It is also called the ‘language of Gods.’ To give more recognition to its place in India’s glorious past, World Sanskrit Day is observed.
  • World Sanskrit Day is celebrated all across the country to promote the resurgence and preservation of this language.
  • Sanskrit Diwas focuses on organising events around Sanskrit, such as lectures about the language, that aim to promote its revival. Full-day seminars are usually organised to talk about the importance of Sanskrit in order to promote and appreciate the language.
History –
  • The day aims to spread awareness about and promote the revival of Sanskrit. It acknowledges the place Sanskrit holds in Indian history and culture.
  • Sanskrit, in literary terms. is divided into two different periods- the Vedic and Classical. Vedic Sanskrit is mainly a part of the Rig Veda, the Upanishads and the Puranas. The Vedas were composed from 1,000 to 500 BCE.
  • Centuries later, some Europeans were impressed by Sanskrit. Among them was Sir William Jones, an English scholar who visited India in 1783 as a judge of the British Supreme Court in Calcutta. He later founded the Asiatic Society.
Significance –
  • The language still holds a very prominent position in Hindu religious rituals and practices. Most of the Hindu rituals are performed in Sanskrit only.
  • Many Sanskrit institutions and universities have been opened and consequently many young students have been learning Sanskrit.

World Elephant Day

Paper 3- Biodiversity
Why Should You Know?
World Elephant Day is celebrated every year on  August 12.
In details –
  • World Elephant Day was started on August 12, 2012.  The main objective of celebrating Elephant Day is to promote awareness and conservation of elephants all over the world.  The elephant has also been declared a national heritage animal.  In such a situation, it is the duty of every citizen to protect elephants.
  • World Elephant Day  is being observed to draw the attention of various stakeholders to support various conservation policies to help elephants, including reforms in enforcement policies to prevent poaching and trade for ivory, conservation of elephant habitat, providing better treatment for captive elephants and starting to re-deliver some captive elephants to sanctuaries.
  • The last number of elephants in India was in 2017. At that time, the total number of elephants in India was 30 thousand, but this number is decreasing year after year. Which is a matter of great concern.
  • This year,   World Elephant Day-2022 was celebrated at Periyar in Kerala in the presence of Shri Bhupender Yadav,  Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey, Union Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Shri A.K. Saseendran, Minister of Forest and Wildlife of Kerala and several other dignitaries.
  • The Union Minister released “Elephant Reserves of India: An Atlas”, “Elephant Reserves of India: Land Use Land Cover Classification”, “Caring for elephants: Managing health and welfare in captivity” and the Special edition of “Trumpet”.
  • Commemorating 30 years of completion of Project Elephant, a poster on elephant conservation in India was released by all dignitaries.
  • For the first time in an initiative taken by the Hon’ble Minister, Gaj Gaurav award was conferred for the commendable efforts of local communities, frontline staff and mahouts working at grass root level to conserve elephants in wild and captivity. This year the Malasar Community belonging to the Anamalai of Tamil Nadu and mahouts of Kerala and Assam were awarded the Gaj Gaurav award by the Union Minister, EF&CC.
  • Prizes were also given to school students for several competitions held on the theme “Living with elephants”.  Speaking at the occasion, the Union Minister reiterated that our association with elephants is ancient, valued and revered.  He further said that Elephants are also critical to the sustenance of our wildlife and biodiversity and India places a very high premium on the conservation of the jumbos.
  • The Union Minister informed the audience that India has the largest and the most stable population of Asian elephants. In fact, more than 60% of wild Asian elephants are in India. The population of 29,964 elephants as recorded in the last elephant census conducted in 2017 speaks volumes of the passion for wildlife conservation ingrained in Indian culture.
  • Union Minister further said that India has 31 Elephant Reserves. In the last 3 years, Dandeli Elephant Reserve has been notified by the state of Karnataka, Singphan Elephant Reserve by Nagaland and Lemru Elephant Reserve in Chhattisgarh. This has brought the total area under Elephant Reserves in India to about 76,508 sqkm across 14 states of the country.
  • He also shared that India is going to witness the establishment of one more Elephant Reserve, the Agasthiyamalai in Tamil Nadu, adding yet another 1197 sqkm of Protected Area dedicated for protection and conservation of elephants in India.
About the Asian Elephant –
  • Asian elephants have been listed as “endangered” creatures in the IUCN Red List of threatened species. This has been done because most of the range except India has lost its viable elephant population due to loss of habitat and poaching etc. Estimates of the number of elephants at present indicate that there are about 50,000 to 60,000 Asian elephants in the world.  More than 60 per cent of these elephants inhabit India.
  • The Indian elephant has also been listed in Appendix-I of the recently concluded Conference of Migratory Species of CMS-13 parties in  February 2020  in Gandhinagar  , Gujarat.
  • World Elephant Day is being celebrated to bring attention of various stakeholders to support various conservation policies to help elephants, including improving enforcement policies to prevent the illegal poaching and trade of ivory, conserving elephant habitats, providing better treatment for captive elephants and reintroducing some captive elephants into sanctuaries.
  • Elephant is the Natural Heritage Animal of India and India also celebrates this day to spread awareness towards conservation of the species.

AYUSH GRID PROJECT

Paper 2 – Health
Why Should You Know?
MoU signed between Ministry of Ayush and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) for providing technical support to Ministry of Ayush for digitalisation of Ayush Sector under the Ayush Grid project for a period of 3 years.
In details –
  • An Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed today between Ministry of Ayush and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) for providing technical support to Ministry of Ayush for digitalisation of Ayush Sector under the Ayush Grid project for a period of 3 years.
  • This MoU is continuation of the earlier MoU , which was signed in the year 2019. Vaidya Rajesh Kotecha, Secretary, Ayush and Shri Alkesh Kumar Sharma, Secretary MeitY signed MoU on behalf of both the Ministries. 
  • It was decided that both the Ministry’s will continue to work in collaboration and MeitY along with organizations under MeitY will extend all technical support required for the Ayush Grid project including  adoption of emerging technologies.
  • Ministry of Ayush has conceptualized ‘Ayush Grid’ Project, as part of the Digital India Program, which leverages ‘Information and Technology’ to transform operational efficiency, improve service delivery and enhance quality of services.
  • The Ayush Grid platform is envisaged to be the IT backbone; allowing integration of all stakeholders and functions/ services related to Ayush systems of health care.
  • From a user’s perspective, Ayush Grid is the proposed central IT platform offering multiple IT services for all systems of medicines under Ayush viz. Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa and Homeopathy across functional areas, namely, healthcare delivery, education, research, capacity building, drug licensing and standardization along with media outreach.
  • As per the earlier signed MoU, organizations under MeitY like NeGD supported for development of AyushSanjivani mobile application, Monitoring dashboard, BISAG-N for development of Ayush GIS, Ayush education related modules, DIC for development of Ayush Information Hub, website of the Ministry, Ayusoft,  C-DAC for imparting training to Ayush doctors.
  • It is pertinent to mention that NeGD and BISAG-N provided valuable inputs in finalization of various technical documents like technical solution design & DPR of the Project.
Advisory Committee –
  • A High-Level Advisory Committee (HLAC), chaired by Secretary Ayush and co-chaired by Secretary MeitY was constituted to provide advisory inputs on Ayush Grid project.
  • A working group was also constituted under the chairmanship of Sh. J. Satyanarayana (Former Secretary MeitY& Chairman UIDAI) with other experts from NITI Aayog, NHA, MeitY etc. for giving expert inputs on right architecture, identify core building blocks, leveraging development under ABDM, understanding requirement of building public private ecosystem and various technical and strategy matters for Ayush Grid project. This helped Ministry to shape technical construct of the project.
  • MoU signed will be instrumental for leveraging technical support from MeitY in Ayush Grid project of the Ministry of Ayush.

Nano Urea

Paper 3 – Agriculture
Why Should You Know?
Dr Mansukh Mandaviya reviews progress of Nano Urea production and sales for FY 2022-23
In details –
  • Union Minister of Chemical and Fertilizers, Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya reviewed progress of Nano Urea (liquid) production and sales for the FY 2022-23.
  • During the meeting he also reviewed progress of nano urea in terms of acceptability by the farmers, its production, supply plan and steps initiated by Dept. of Fertilizers (DoF) for enhancing its reach to farmers and retailers.
  • The Minister was apprised that during the period from 1st April, 2022 to 10th August, 2022 nano urea production and dispatches had been 1.23 crore bottles. From 1st August 2021, a total of 3.27 crore bottles have been sold, of which 2.15 crore bottles were sold during FY 2021-22 and 1.125 crore bottles (500 mL) during FY 2022-22 up to 10th August 2022. 
  • The existing unit of nano urea has a production capacity of 1.5 lakh bottles per day. From September – December, 2022 and January – March 2023; additional 4.60 crore bottles will be produced.
  • Thus, during the FY 2022-23, about 6.0 crore bottles of nano urea will be produced and made available to farmers. These 6.0 crore bottles will be equivalent to 27 lakh MT quantity of conventional urea.

Farmers accepting nano urea –

  • During the review, Dr Mandaviya observed that nano urea is now being widely accepted by farmers across the country. He stated that with the inclusion of Nano Urea in the monthly supply plan of the states by Dept. of Fertilizers, its availability and reach to the farmers will increase manifold.
  • The Minister directed the department officials for promotion of Nano urea in mission mode to harness its benefits.
  • He also directed for sensitization of retailers by organizing retailers’ meetings at periodic intervals in coordination with other state departments.
  • He also pointed out that nano urea promotion and its acceptance by the farmers will indeed be a game changer for the fertilizer scenario of the country.
About Nano Urea –
  • Nano Urea is an innovative nano fertilizer developed indigenously.  It is a perfect example of initiatives undertaken under the AATMANIRBHAR KRISHI & AATMANIRBHAR BHARAT for ensuring food and nutritional security of the nation.
  • It is urea in the form of a nanoparticle. It is a nutrient (liquid) to provide nitrogen to plants as an alternative to the conventional urea.
  • Its application to crops as foliar fertilization enhances crop productivity to the tune of 8% with commensurate benefits in terms of better soil, air and water, and farmers profitability.
  • Scaling up of production and sales as well as application of Nano Urea will also lead to reduction in green House Gas (GHGs) emissions over a period of time.

Honey revolution

Paper 3 – Agriculture
Why Should You Know?
To promote honey export, Government to organize series of events, in collaboration with state govts and farmers
In details –
  • To harness the export potential of honey in line with Indian Government’s vision of a ‘sweet revolution’ through promotion of beekeeping and allied activities, Government has planned to organize a series of events across the country in collaboration with state governments and farmers.
  • One such event is scheduled to be organized by APEDA, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, for export promotion of honey involving exporters, stakeholders and government officials in Chandigarh, where focus would be to encourage farmers towards honey farming by ensuring quality production.
  • Given the manifold rise in honey consumption across the globe especially after Covid-19 pandemic due to its natural immunity booster characteristics and a healthier alternative to sugar, APEDA is aiming is to boost honey exports through ensuring quality production and market expansion to new countries as at present, India’s natural honey exports are majorly dependent on one market — the United States – that account for more than 80 percent of the exports.
  • As a part of the government’s AtmaNirbhar Bharat initiative to boost honey production, the government has approved an allocation of Rs 500 crore for the National Beekeeping and Honey Mission (NBHM) for three years (2020-21 to 2022-23).
  • Prime Minister Modi in the ‘Mann ki Baat’ programme had stressed that honey has been given a lot of importance in Ayurveda. Honey has been described as an elixir. He said there are so many possibilities in honey production today that even the youth pursuing professional studies are making it a source of self-employment.
  • “We are working in close collaboration with the state government, farmers and other stakeholders in the value chain to boost quality honey exports,” said Dr M Angamuthu, Chairman, APEDA. India is also renegotiating the duty structure imposed by various countries for boosting honey exports, he added.
  • APEDA has been facilitating honey producers in accessing export markets besides availing government assistance under different schemes, quality certification and lab testing.
  • APEDA is working with the exporters to deal with the challenges such as higher freight cost, limited availability of containers in peak honey export season, higher Nuclear Magnetic Resonance test costs and inadequate export incentives.
  • India, which started its first organized exports in 1996-97, has exported 74,413 metric tonnes (MT) of natural honey worth USD 163.73 million in 2021-22, with the United States taking a major share at 59,262 MT. United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Morocco, Bangladesh and Qatar were the other top destinations for Indian honey.
  • In 2020, the global honey export was recorded at 7.36 lakh MT and India ranked 8th and 9thin the world in honey producing and exporting countries, respectively. In 2020, the total honey production was pegged at 1.62 million metric tonnes, which included honey extracted from all nectar sources, agricultural plants, wild flowers and forest trees.
  • and around 50 percent of the honey produced in India is consumed domestically, while the rest is exported across the globe.
  • As per the DGCIS, APEDA has achieved overall exports of USD 7.41 billion during April-June 2022 by registering a growth of 30.8 percent in terms of USD in comparison to the same period previous year.
  • A century ago, perhaps 100,000 wild tigers roamed the Earth. By the start of the 21st century, that number had plummeted by an estimated 95% due to rampant poaching and habitat destruction.
  • Historically, tigers once ranged widely across Asia, but in recent decades, populations have been restricted to 13 countries, namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia (locally extinct), China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR (locally extinct), Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, and Viet Nam (locally extinct).
  • These 13 countries are known as tiger range countries.
  • Back in 2010, Global Tiger Day was founded to be celebrated on July 29th every year, in an effort to raise awareness around these magnificent big cats.

‘Saga of Freedom’ exhibition

Paper 1 – History
Why Should You Know?
On 12 august 2022 Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal inaugurates the exhibition, ‘Saga of Freedom – Known and Lesser-Known Struggles’.
In details –
  • Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal, Minister of State for Culture and Parliamentary Affairs inaugurated an exhibition – ‘Saga of Freedom: Known & Lesser-known Struggle’ in New Delhi. The exhibition is organized  by  the National Archives of India.
  • On the occasion, Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal mentioned that this exhibition will bring out the real facts about different revolutions and various unsung heroes who have contributed to the freedom struggle.
  • He further said that the unsung heroes will also be remembered along with the great freedom fighters through this exhibition organised by National Archives of India.
  • This exhibition is based on original government documents, cartographic records, newspapers, private papers, contemporary photographs and proscribed literature housed in the National Archives of India.
  • This exhibition provides a glimpse into a number of revolutionary movements and struggles in various parts of the country including: Revolt of Jungle Mahal, or Chuar Uprising (1771- 1809) (West Bengal), Sambalpur Revolt, Odisha (1827-62), Great uprising (1857), Kuka Namdhari Movement, Punjab (1871), Assassination of Plague Commissioner, Pune (Chapekar Brothers 1897), Munda Revolt, Ranchi (1894), Anushilan Samiti (1902), Alipore Bomb Conspiracy Case (1908), Howrah Gang Case (1910), Delhi-Lahore Conspiracy Case (1912), Ghadar Party 1913, Champaran Satyagarah (1917), Non-Cooperation Movement (1920), Chauri Chaura (1922), Rampa Rebellion, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh (1922-24), The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) 1923, Kakori Conspiracy Case (1925), Navjavan Sabha (1926-31), Kirti Kisan Movement, 1927, Chittagong Armoury Raid (1930), Civil Disobedience Movement/ Dandi March (1930), Central Assembly Bomb Case (1929) & Lahore Conspiracy Case (1931), Hareka movement (Rani Gaidinliu 1930), The Indian Independence League (1920s to the 1940s), Quit India Movement, (1942) and Royal Indian Navy Revolt 1946 etc.
  • This exhibition will remain open for public viewing till 30 September 2022 from 10: 00 am to 5:00 pm each day except on holidays.
About National Archives of India –
  • The National Archives of India is an Attached Office under the Ministry of Culture.
  • It is the nodal agency for the implementation of the Public Records Act, 1993 and Public Record Rules, 1997.
  • National Archives of India has at present in its repositories a collection of over 18.00 cr. pages of Public Records, which include files, volumes, maps, bills assented to by the President of India, treaties, rare manuscripts oriental records, private papers, cartographic records, important collection of Gazettes and Gazetteers, Census records, Assembly and Parliament debates, proscribed literature, travel accounts etc.
  • A major chunk of Oriental records are in Persian, Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit, Odiya etc.
Objectives –

Objectives of the project are-

  • To establish breeding cheetah populations in safe habitats across its historical range and manage them as a metapopulation.
  • To use the cheetah as a charismatic flagship and umbrella species to garner resources for restoring open forest and savanna systems that will benefit biodiversity and ecosystem services from these ecosystems.
  • To enhance India’s capacity to sequester carbon through ecosystem restoration activities in cheetah conservation areas and thereby contribute towards the global climate change mitigation goals.
  • To use the ensuing opportunity for eco-development and eco-tourism to enhance local community livelihoods.
  • To manage any conflict by cheetah or other wildlife with local communities within cheetah conservation areas expediently through compensation, awareness, and management actions to win community support.
  • The introduction of the cheetah is not only a species recovery program but an effort to restore ecosystems with a lost element that has played a significant role in their evolutionary history, allow ecosystems to provide services to their full potential, and use the cheetah as an umbrella species for conserving the biodiversity of grasslands, savanna and open forest systems.

‘Udarashakti’ Bilateral Exercise

Paper 2 – International Relations
Why Should You Know?
Indian air force to participate in bilateral exercise hosted by malaysia
In details –
  • A contingent of the Indian Air Force left for Malaysia today to participate in a bilateral exercise named ‘Udarashakti’.
  • Indian Air Force is participating in the air exercise with Su-30 MKI and C-17 aircraft while the RMAF will be flying Su 30 MKM aircraft. The Indian contingent departed from one of its air bases directly for their destination, the RMAF base of Kuantan.
  • The exercise will give an opportunity to IAF contingent members to share and learn best practices with some of the best professionals from RMAF, while also discussing mutual combat capabilities. 
  • The four days of exercise will witness conduct of various aerial combat drills between the two Air Forces. Ex Udarashakti will fortify the long standing bond of friendship and enhance the avenues of defence cooperation between the two Air Forces, thereby augmenting security in the region.
  • The first such bilateral Air Force exercise staging the frontline Sukhoi-30 combat aircraft was conducted in 2018. The Indian Air Force Training Team was deployed in Malaysia to train Malaysian pilots on the SU-30SKM aircraft from 2008 to 2010.

Increase in Exports

Paper 3 – Economy
Why Should You Know?
Recently, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry said that the export has increased by 11.51 percent in the same month this year as compared to July last year.
In details –
  • India’s goods and services exports have been on an overall rise in July last month. There has been an increase of 11.51 percent in exports this month as compared to the same month last year.
  • Estimated exports last month stood at $61 billion 180 million. However, there has been an increase of 42.09.0 percent in total imports this month as compared to last year.
  • The country’s exports in the last month have been estimated at $ 82 billion 220 million.
  • The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has said that in the quarter of April and July, the export of goods and services stood at 253 billion 84 million dollars. It has increased by 22.08.5 percent as compared to the corresponding period of last year.
  • The ministry said that in July 2021, total exports stood at $ 54 billion 87 million and imports were $ 57 billion 54 million. The ministry has said that the commodity exports were 36 billion 270 million dollars. July 2022 service exports stood at 24 billion 91 million dollars.
  • The Ministry of Commercial and Industry has said that the exports of electronics, coffee, rice, petroleum products, leather and leather products are registering growth.

Johnson & Johnson will stop talcum powder production

Paper 2 – Health
Why Should You Know?
Johnson & Johnson to change baby powder composition, but it might not be enough to keep consumers safe
In details –
  • Johnson & Johnson (J&J) has announced the suspension of the manufacture and sale of its talcum powder after a drop in sales. The use of talc in the powder has been linked with lung cancer and ovarian cancer in women.
  • Talc is a common silicate mineral and its ore is mined. However, the mines are close to asbestos ones sometimes, which can contaminate the ores. The presence of asbestos in talcum powder can make it deadly.
  • Hundreds of companies use talc to prepare cosmetic products. The talcum powder industry was worth $2.8 billion in 2021.
  • For decades, J&J denied their product was contaminated. Even while announcing the decision to stop manufacturing and selling the baby powder, the company reiterated this. However, in 2019, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a federal health agency, found asbestos in the samples they tested.
  • Asbestos is a known carcinogen and is linked to mesothelioma, a kind of lung cancer that usually affects miners. The company was forced to recall one lot of its baby powder after the FDA study.
  • J&J was forced to shift over to cornstarch due to the massive number of court cases they faced. There are around 40,000 cases in various courts by women suing the company.
  • The lawsuits claimed the long-term use of the J&J product caused serious health issues in them, stemming from talc contaminated by asbestos fibres. The talcum powder was responsible for causing cancers in them, the women plaintiffs had claimed.
  • Instead of talc, the baby powder would now be cornstarch-based. This formulation has been available in the US and Canada markets for the last two years. This shift was proposed earlier this year, too, in May, but the shareholders had vetoed the change.
  • However, a shift to cornstarch powder is not without risk either. This powder is also used on surgical gloves.
  • Cornstarch has detrimental effects on wound closure techniques, indicated a review study published in Annals of Plastic Surgery in August 2009. The powder can lead to wound infection and serve as a carrier of latex allergen to the patients.
  • Cornstarch powder on medical gloves has been banned in the United Kingdom and Germany since the late 1990s. The US has also considered banning it.
  • J&J claimed that bad press from the lawsuits had led to a fall in sales.
  • Though there had been some indications of the adverse effect of asbestos for a long time, a lack of consensus made its ban difficult. The mineral is present in all talc-based powders and is used to prevent nappy rash in babies and for personal hygiene by many adults.
  • Many legal issues faced by J&J for decades now claim ‘extensive’ use of the powder as the reason. The company has lost several cases and paid as much as $3.5 billion as compensation before 2021.
  • J&J had to pay more than $2 billion in 2018 as compensation to a group of 22 women with ovarian cancer after the Supreme Court found it guilty.
  • However, there are many instances when the company was able to avoid compensation. In July 2022, the New York Supreme Court reversed an earlier decision in favour of the plaintiff.
  • The company would have had to pay the woman damages equal to $120 million. The plaintiff had failed to establish sufficient exposure to a substance to cause the claimed adverse health effect, the court said.
  • J&J formed a subsidiary company, LTL Management, in October 2021 to protect itself from litigation. All the legal issues were transferred to this company using a provision in Texas state law. LTL had then filed for bankruptcy in North Carolina and all the court cases were then put on hold. The cases now face an uncertain future.

India’s 31st elephant reserve

Paper 3- Biodiversity
Why Should You Know?
Centre notifies India’s 31st elephant reserve in Tamil Nadu
In details –
  • Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Bhupender Yadav, announced the notification of one more elephant reserve (ER) in the country in Tamil Nadu during a programme in the Periyar Wildlife Sanctury in Kerala August 12, 2022. 
  • The new reserve will be spread over an area of 1,197 square kilometres in Agasthiyamalai. This will be the 31st ER in the country after Singphan ER in Nagaland was notified in 2018.
  • The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus) is found in the central and southern Western Ghats, North East India, eastern India and northern India and in some parts of southern peninsular India.
  • It is included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES).
  • The Indian elephant is found in 16 states in the country and is showing an increasing trend across its distributional range. The population of the animals had become critically low in 1992.
  • That is when Project Elephant was launched to ensure the protection of the pachyderms and their environment.
  • According to the latest elephant census conducted in 2017, the population of elephants in India has reached up to about 27,312. However, the minister in his address said the population of elephants was near 30,000, with about 29,900 individuals.
  • According to the 2017 census, Karnataka had the highest number of elephants (6,049), followed by Assam (5,719) and Kerala (3,054).

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