The history of agricultural education in India is very old. Agriculture was also taught in Taxila and Nalanda University. Formally speaking of modern agricultural colleges and universities, they were opened for the first time in the year 1905 in Kanpur, Lyallpur, Coimbatore and Nagpur. After this they were opened in Pune in the year 1907 and in Sabor in the year 1908.
When India became independent, there was a problem of poverty, hunger and food inadequacy. India adopted a policy of building a pool of skilled human resources and scientists to solve this problem. The Government of India and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research started working together for capacity building in agricultural research and education. Today there are 75 National Agricultural Universities in the country and the number of students studying in them is close to 45 thousand.
In 1960, where only 5000 students took agricultural education. Today the number of this agricultural study is 9 times its number. Today there are 4 deemed universities in India – Indian Council of Agricultural Research, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar and Central Institute of Fisheries Education and Research, Mumbai.
However, there is a worrying thing for agricultural education that there are only 85 applicants for each seat here. There are 50 thousand claimants for one seat for medical education. The All India Survey on Higher Education states that the Gross Enrollment Ratio in higher education is 26.3%. The same figure for agricultural education is only 0.03 percent.
According to the Agricultural Education Division of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, 52 per cent of the children enrolling in agricultural graduate courses have 80 per cent or more marks in intermediate. This ensures efficient and efficient human resource in the agriculture sector.
There are also some worrying aspects of agricultural education in India. For example, 30 percent of the children who take agricultural education in India do not make a career in it. There are good employment opportunities in the agriculture sector, but there is a lack of awareness in this regard. State Agricultural University neither has good infrastructure nor does it have budget. These colleges have very low education standards. Firstly, the financial support for these State Agricultural Universities should be increased. With this, these universities will be able to develop better infrastructure. This infrastructure will lay the foundation for strong research and research in the agriculture sector. There should also be a body for the development of agricultural education – Indian Council of Agricultural Education. The government should ensure adequate financial, research and human support for this body to work dedicatedly in the field of agricultural education.