Endogamy, the hereditary transfer of a way of life that generally includes an employment, ceremonial standing in a hierarchy, and customary social contact and exclusion based on cultural conceptions of purity and impurity, characterise caste.
According to one long-held explanation concerning the origins of South Asia’s caste system, Aryans from Central Asia invaded South Asia and established the caste system to dominate the native populace. The Aryans identified fundamental responsibilities in society and then assigned them to groups of individuals.
The majority of Indian weddings are arranged by parents. They examined a number of variables when looking for the perfect partner. One’s caste is an important consideration. People do not want their son or daughter to marry someone from a different caste. A Brahmin will never marry someone from the SC or ST castes, as the term “untouchables” implies. For students from disadvantaged families, public colleges provide caste-based reservations. Based on reservation, a person from this background can gain a spot at a top ranking college with par or below par academic grades. This reservation scheme, however, disadvantages impoverished Brahmans. A Brahman, for example, must get 100% on specific examinations in order to be admitted to a top-tier institution. While lower caste applicants may even be able to skip the exam and gain admission to the university. Caste reservation is used to assign a considerable number of public sector employment. This reservation has a severe impact on impoverished populations of Brahman origin.
Remember Gopalganj IAS officer Rahul Kumar’s excellent deed of dining at the dalit widow’s house when locals protested to her feeding the mid-day meal to their children at the local school. Cross-caste marriage has the potential to eliminate higher and lower caste mentalities. In India, around 5% of marriages occur between different castes. Currently, around a quarter of the population on matrimonial services is receptive to intercaste marriages. Addressing caste concerns at major public gatherings can help with diversity and inclusion efforts. Several dining events were arranged by local state governments to bring people from all around the country together. Affirmative government acts include provisions in the Constitution, employment reservations, reservations in the Centre and State legislatures, provisions in panchayats, and different Acts that protect stakeholders by preserving their land, livelihood, and saving them from societal ills.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s political objective involves the abolition of caste in the country. On numerous fronts, India has improved to some extent in the twenty-first century. However, there is still plenty of space for expansion. The Indian government has devised an excellent strategy for bringing people from all walks of life together. However, some fundamental ideological inconsistencies will obstruct resolution of this issue. Regardless, we should not give up hope of breaking free from the constraints of casteism.
“Caste will stand in the way of political and economic changes within India,” warned Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. Eradicating such a firm foundation, he claims, is incredibly difficult yet feasible. However, there are several impediments to transformation.