Ojaank IAS Academy

OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

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OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

Democracy and its Structural Slippages

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Democracy is a type of governance in which rulers are elected by the people in free and fair elections that are open to all adults. Fundamental regulations: It is controlled by fundamental rules, similar to a constitution. It has been included into modern political philosophy and other social choice theories. Democracy is about governing via debate, but that debate should not split us into two camps.

The “universal franchise” of the 1920s did not include advanced democracies such as the United States. Citizens of African descent. Women gained the right to vote in the United Kingdom in the 1930s. France in 1944, Switzerland in 1971.

Democracy is the transfer of power and wealth from the elite to the masses. Devolution takes place on the basis of the person and equality. The near-universal extinction of despotic monarchs and hereditary aristocracies in favour of popularly mandated government (with exceptions), Distribution of economic resources, infrastructure, education, and health care to the populace, etc.

Basic condition for seeking emancipation from the authoritarian limitations of mediaeval kings over resources like as land, labour, and transportation. Individual rights and equality emerged, as did the free market for all types of resource mobilisation, including labour.

Religious experiences of equality: theistic Buddhism, monotheistic faiths such as Christianity, Islam, and Sikhism were supporters of social equality. Periodic multi-party “free and fair” elections, Guarantees of many sorts of freedoms, including commercial freedoms. Elections are used to self-correct government policies and behaviours.

Elections split voters into two groups: the majority and the minority. In theory, the majority-minority split of 50% plus one and 50% minus one constitutes a decisive mandate. There is hardly no government in the world that rules by a majority of the mandate. As an example, consider the following systems:

In 2016, Donald Trump defeated Hillary Clinton despite receiving 5 million more popular votes than him. Individual votes are influenced by a variety of factors such as family, community, religion, culture, and, most importantly, the political choices given by political parties. The choices provided by parties are not created by the individual: they are wrapped in misleading propaganda and much more deceptive promises.

This democracy arrived in India in its most contemporary incarnation, with unconditional adult franchise and multi-party periodic elections. Everyone is labelled as a “enemy,” whether they are just political rivals, Praising political rivalry: One cannot applaud an adversary. Mulayam Singh Yadav, for example, praised PM Modi following the 2019 elections.

Minimal democracy: reduces us to a minimal democracy rather than a maximum democracy. Democracy is reduced to queuing up once every five years, rather than the common human pursuit of speaking, expressing, reviewing, deciding, and appreciating unity.

The operative categories of electoral politics in India are primarily pre-modern: caste, sub-caste, community, area, language, and so on. The acronyms AJGAR (Ahir, Jat, Gurjar, and Rajput castes) and MY (Muslims and Yadavs), for example, represent the voting base of various political parties, or the ‘vote bank’.

Jawaharlal Nehru- Education and democratic experience would compel a retreat from operational categories and produce a more “modern” mentality among the masses. As long as we practise this sort of democracy, its fault lines and, most importantly, its connection to capitalism will stay intact.

Blur the split: Democracy’s most powerful skill is to blur the barrier between “for and against” and to improve the societal competence of moral reasoning. We the people, for people, and by people all indicate that we listen to one another.


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