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OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

Global Food Security Index 2021

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  • It is a global report published by Economist Impact and Corteva Agriscience.
  • The GFS Index measures the underlyign drivers of food security in 113 countries based on four factors:
  • Affordability
  • Avaiability
  • Quality and Safety
  • Natural Resource and Resilience
  • It considers 58 unique food security indicators including income and economic inequality-calling attention to systemic gaps and actions needed to accelerate progress towards United Nations Sustainable Development Goal of achieving Zero Hunger by 2030.
  • The 2021 GFSI is the tenth edition of the index.
  • Ireland topped the Ranking by scoring overall 0 points
  • Burundi is at the bottom of the Ranking by scoring overall 7 points.

INDIA RANKING AND COMPARISON WITH ASIA PACIFIC COUNTRIES

  • India held 71st position with an overall score of 2 points, fored better than Pakistan (75th position), Srilanka (77th position), Nepal (79th position) and Bangladesh (84th position)
  • But India is way behind china (34th position)
  • India’s score improved only by 7 points to 57.2 in 2021 from 45.7 in 2012.
  • In the food affordability category, Pakistan (with 52.6 points) scored better than India (50.2 points). SriLanka was also better at 9 points on the GFS Index 2021.

In case of availability of food, quality and safety as well as protecting natural resources for food production, India scored better than Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.


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