Ojaank IAS Academy

OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

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OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX 2021

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  • GHI is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at global, regional and national level.

GHI SCORE CALCULATION

  • GHI scores are calculated using a three step process that draws on available data from various sources to capture the multidimensional nature of hunger.

The three steps are as follows:

  1. First each country, values are determined for four indicators:
  • UNDER NOURISHMENT
  • CHILD WASTING:- The share of children under the age of five who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute under-nutrition.
  • CHILD STUNTING:- The share of children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic under nutrition.
  • CHILD MORTALITY:- The mortality rate of children under the age five.
  1. Second, each of the four component indicators is given a standardized score on a 100-point scale.
  2. Third, Standardized score are aggregated to calculate the GHI score for each country, with each of the three dimensions (inadequate food supply; Child mortality; and child undernutrition) given equal weight.
  3. These three-step process results in GHI Scores on a 100-point GHI Severity Scale.
  4. 0 is the best score
  5. 100 is the worst

DEFINITION OF โ€œHUNGERโ€

  • Hunger is usually understood to refer to the distress associated with a lack of sufficient calories.

The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN defines food deprivation, or undernourishment, as the consumption of too few calories to provide the minimum amount of dietary energy that each individual requires to live a healthy and productive life, given that personโ€™s sex, age, stature, and physical activity level.

RANKING

  • A total of 18 countries, including china, kuwait and Brazil shared the top rank with GHI Score of less than 5.
  • The report, prepared jointly by Irish aid agency concern worldwide and German Organisation Welt Hunger Hilife
  • Somalia ranked at the bottom of list.

INDIA RANKING

  • India has slipped to the 101st position among 116 Countries in the GHI 2021 from its 2020 ranking (94), to be placed behind Pakistan, Bangladesh and
  • India has shown improvement in indicators like the under-5 mortality rate.

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