Ojaank IAS Academy

OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

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OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

How relevant is the multilateral institution now?

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After the Second World War, different countries of the world started a new system together. The name of this system was – Solidarity of different countries. New international organizations were born to implement this solidarity. The most prominent organization among them was the United Nations. The goal of this organization is to establish peace and stability in the world.
However, now many questions are being raised about the role of the United Nations. The Russo-Ukraine war is now more than 120 days away and the United Nations is far from stopping this war; Nothing much has been done so far to stop it.
In such a situation, the relevance of this organization is bound to be questioned. Today, when the world is uniting and becoming global, the world order is changing from multipolar to bipolar. First of all, it is becoming self-interested in different countries. Now let us try to understand why different countries of the world are getting disillusioned with multilateralism.
The organizational structure of these organizations is such that it gives unnecessary benefits to the developed countries of the world and harm to the poor countries. For example, Russia itself vetoed the resolution passed against Russia in the Russo-Ukraine war. Also the banned list of various terrorists and their organizations proposed by India is often vetoed by China.
Such a veto refers to the same practice where a mighty, by virtue of muscle power, himself becomes a lawyer on the charge against himself. Russia has followed the same pattern in its case.
The second thing is the membership standards of these organizations. Today Japan, Germany and Brazil, including India, are among the economies that are consistently registering the best economic growth. Apart from this, these countries are also registering an edge on the strategic fronts. But the P5 countries of the United Nations are not considering the permanent membership of these countries in the Security Council of the United Nations.
Apart from this, little work is being done by the World Trade Organization and World Banks in the direction of economic recovery of countries with poor financial condition. Organizations like IMF are also not able to save the world from the pain of recession. Where countries like Sri Lanka are in a dilapidated condition, the world is once again oriented towards a global recession.
Therefore, now the need has arisen that radical reforms should be done in these organizations so that no country remains up and down, all become equal.

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