Recently, India has been elected as the new chair of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence for 2022-23. Artificial Intelligence is gaining massive traction due to the drastic changes in business functions. This trend will increase further in the coming years.
The GPAI was initially established by G7 and OECD members. So in a way it started as a club of developed nations. We will examine how India is going to utilize the chairmanship of GPAI and how Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be a game changer for India.
What is artificial intelligence?
It describes the action of machines performing tasks that historically required human intelligence. This includes technologies such as machine learning, pattern recognition, big data, neural networks, self-contained algorithms, etc.
AI automates processes and reduces human error but the major limitation of AI is that it learns from data. This means that any inaccuracy in the data will be reflected in the results.
India’s interest in GPAI
As AI is evolving with time, so is the need that its standards and regulations should be built around ethical and responsible AI. And in that process, it must be ensured that the Global South is represented and the voices of the developing world are heard.
Given India’s strength in technology, and the digital transformation projects India has implemented, commonly known as the India Stack, such as the Aadhaar platform, UPI, Digi-Locker, etc. India Stack is the moniker for a set of open APIs and digital public goods that aim to unlock the economic priorities of identity, data and payments at a population scale.
India has been the largest provider of AI-skilled workforce in the world. India is going to be the AI solution provider not only for India but for the world. India also has a vibrant AI start-up ecosystem. India ranks third in Stanford’s AI Liveability Index.
Talking about the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI), it was launched in June 2020 with fifteen members. The Global Partnership in Artificial Intelligence is described as ‘the result of an idea developed within the G7’. as described.
It is a multi-stakeholder initiative on Artificial Intelligence (AI). It aims to bridge what it describes as ‘the gap between theory and practice on AI’ by supporting cutting-edge research on AI-related priorities, as well as applied activities.
: The initiative facilitates international collaboration on artificial technology by bringing together experts from fields such as science, industry, civil society, governments, international bodies and academia on a single platform.
Its founding members are Australia, Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, Singapore, Slovenia, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union. Currently, GPAI has twenty-five member states. All G7 countries, including the European Union, are members of GPAI. India joined as a founding member in 2020.
( DIRECTOR – OJAANK IAS )