The involvement of the state in social welfare has a long and continuous history. It is more than hundreds of years old.
The right of a poor to get help in India has been recognized since Vedic times.
It is the duty of the state or community to help its less excluded and disadvantaged members. The dawn of independence in 1947 saw the beginning of an era of inclusive development activity in the country. Political freedom is incomplete without freedom from economic and social needs.
These wants of needs are many and varied in number. Some of these have always been with us since ancient times while others are products of the modern era. It is our duty to remove the problems related to illiteracy, filth, disease, filth, superstition, poor health and poor housing.
Social welfare is an organized system of social services and institutions, designed to help individuals and groups achieve satisfactory standards of life and health.
Therefore, social welfare aims at providing services to the weaker sections of the population, who due to various constraints such as physical, mental, economic and social are unable to access the social services provided by the society or have been traditionally deprived of these services. are deprived.
Hence social welfare programs are directed to improve the conditions of these underprivileged communities. To fulfill this need, proper administration is needed in this regard.
Social welfare administration is a process by which social policy is converted into social services. It includes the administration of public and private agencies. It is a process that involves certain knowledge, understanding, principles and methods of interaction.
Its main focus is on the suitability and accessibility of social services for the needy. Social work enables the process of administration through guiding, planning, stimulating, organizing, structuring, coordinating and research.
The policies are suitably amended to meet the well-defined main objectives of the administration; Programs are designed and budget, finance, personnel and selection processes are created.
India is a welfare state, committed to ensuring the ‘welfare’ and ‘quality of life’ of its people in general and the weaker sections in particular.
Article 14 shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. Article 15(a)(e) states that instructs the state to renounce practices degrading to the dignity of women. The preamble to the Constitution of India, Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights Evidence of the State’s commitment to its people Huh.
Social welfare administration requires optimum utilization of its available resources with active community participation so as to properly achieve the ultimate goal of the programmes. Social welfare agencies generally work in a cooperative manner and ensure participation of all members in the administration of their activities.