Ojaank IAS Academy

OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

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OJAANK IAS ACADEMY

Need of Amritkal in Agriculture Sector

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India’s second Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri famously gave the slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” in which Atal Bihari Vajpayee also included “Jai Vigyan”. Now Prime Minister Narendra Modi has extended it to “Jai Anusandhan”. There is a need to innovate in the agri-food sector by the year 2047 to have a well-nourished India with zero hunger, climate resilience and high income for our farmers.
India can take the help of solar energy resources available in the country for this. India being a tropical country, it is a nation endowed with abundant solar energy. Therefore harnessing solar energy becomes an important component of the renewable energy sector. India’s land area receives about 5,000 trillion kWh of energy per year, with the majority receiving 4-7 kWh per square meter per day. With a total installed solar power capacity of 7,100MW, Karnataka leads the list of states producing solar power; It is followed by Telangana, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat.
With this, India is now the fourth largest solar power producer in the world. If we talk about the International Solar Alliance, it was launched by India along with France during the Paris conference of COP15 in collaboration with other member countries to increase solar power generation. Now India is arranging investment of more than $1 trillion for this so that developing countries can have access to affordable solar technology. In addition, India has set a target of 100 GW of installed solar power capacity by March 2023.
(1) Poultry and fisheries: Poultry and fisheries have shown the fastest growth.
(2) More intervention in cereals- Government intervention in cereals is highest through heavy procurement of rice and wheat.
Whereas those sub-sectors that rely on market forces, no matter how imperfect, still outperform.
(3) The policy implication is very clear that, to promote and normalize the conditions of markets which will help in promoting revolutionary development in agriculture.
Under normal circumstances, the per capita income is likely to increase between 5 and 6 per cent per annum. Along with this, the challenge is also to provide safe and nutritious food to the countrymen. As they move up from low-income levels, people demand not only more food but safe and nutritious food. The government also needs to align its agriculture-policies. For this our agri-policies and strategies have to align with the emerging demand patterns.
What initiatives can the government take?

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