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Synthesis Report

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Synthesis Report

The authoritative Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has released the Sixth Assessment Cycle’s final “Synthesis” report. The evidence that human actions are pushing the planet closer to irreversible cataclysms has only been stronger since 1990, when the IPCC started making public its compilation of international scientific studies correlating greenhouse gas emissions with changes in weather and climate.

The IPCC’s different assessment cycles have played a vital influence in it. The most recent report, which was made public following a week of discussions in Interlaken, Switzerland, has not much new material. This is due to the fact that it is a synthesis of reports that, since 2018, have not only supported the human role in global warming but have also examined, from a variety of perspectives, the consequences of failing to adhere to the 2015 Paris Agreement, which called for efforts to limit temperature increases to 1.5°C above preindustrial levels.

The research underlines the need for finance to flow from affluent nations to poor countries and the need to compensate countries who are set to lose the most from climate change, to assist them build resilience. The most recent synthesis study states in a summary for policymakers that ensuring greenhouse gas emissions are reduced to 48% of 2019 levels by 2030 and 99% by 2050 will provide the Earth its best opportunity to keep temperatures below 1.5°C.

If all of the plans announced by the nations are implemented, temperatures are expected to rise by 2.5°C to 3.2°C by 2100. The most recent report might have a big impact on the Conference of Parties’ next session, which is set to take place in Dubai in November and feature a Global Stocktake, which will detail what countries have done thus far to fulfil their Paris Agreement commitments.The IPCC reports are typically seen as a sign of impending doom, but the most recent one also discusses the rise of electric car fleets and the declining cost of solar and wind energy. The Paris Agreement objectives, however, cannot be achieved without negative emissions, or the removal of carbon dioxide, which would need the use of unproven technologies that now seem to be prohibitively expensive.The report has been “welcomed” by India, who said that some portions support its stance that uneven contributions are to blame for the climate catastrophe and that climate justice must underpin mitigation and adaptation. The opposing message, however, that only a joint effort with nations stepping outside of their comfort zones can give the globe a fighting chance to fend off the worst, must not be ignored by India.


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